Colitis in dogs comes in two types.
Acute colitis can be caused by the dog eating something that disagrees with them, for example having eaten a large amount of grass or raided the rubbish bins or countertops to find some unsuitable food. A stressful situation can cause a digestive upset. Infections, either parasitic such as worms or with bacterial causes like Campylobacter, Salmonella or E. coli can also cause acute colitis.
The type (acute or chronic) of colitis and the underlying cause of the inflammation largely decide dog colitis treatment options.
The most commonly seen symptoms of colitis in dogs are some form of diarrhoea. The affected dog will produce semi-formed or liquid faeces. The owner may see mucus in the faeces, blood, or a combination of the two. The dog will be going more often than normal, showing increased urgency, but only producing a little each time and having difficulty in going, with obvious straining.
Colitis in dogs occurs when there is inflammation in the colon. Reducing the likelihood of colitis developing involves avoiding stress for your dog, ensuring any parasites or illnesses are promptly treated and feeding a good quality diet appropriate for your dog.
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