Once diagnosed by your vet, your diabetic dog will need to be injected with insulin (probably twice a day) to control their blood glucose. Although injecting your dog sounds like a worry, your vet will help you learn how to do this confidently and it will soon become part of you and your dog’s daily routine. Keeping your diabetic dog’s weight in check and making sure they have a good exercise routine are also great ways you can help your diabetic dog be as healthy as possible.
The onset of symptoms is slow and may not be noticeable for a while. A dog with diabetes may seem to have a monstrous appetite because their body is crying out for the fuel it can’t get. Although they’re eating more, you may also start to see weight loss. This is because they start using up other fuel stores in their body and effectively start to break down fat and muscle to get energy. Their body also attempts to dilute out and get rid of that excess sugar in the blood by driving an increased thirst.
Damage to the pancreas can reduce or even stop insulin production and this is ultimately how diabetes starts. So how and why does this happen? Pancreatitis (inflammation of the pancreas) can lead to damage to the pancreas, which can then bring on diabetes. The most common cause of pancreatitis is too much fat in the diet. Also, obese dogs are more prone to pancreatitis, so obesity can also increase the chance of becoming diabetic.
Diabetes is a long-term disease in which blood sugar (glucose) isn’t handled properly. When your dog eats, their digestive system breaks the food down into simple components that can be easily used by the body. One of these simple components is glucose, a sugar that provides energy.
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